The Spanish Armed Forces are deployed in 17 missions abroad and it is foreseen that by 2021, the highest number of troops simultaneously deployed will not exceed 2,900, excluding occasional adjustments in some of the missions depending on requirements such as those derived from the temporary exercise of command over international forces, or due to the health and security situation.
The largest contingents are in Lebanon, with over 600 blue helmets, and in Mali, with almost 400 troops. Within NATO, they monitor the waters of the Mediterranean and take part in the defense of the Baltic countries and Turkey.
Spain is also present in all the military missions that the European Union carries out on the African continent, with deployments in Mali, Central African Republic, Somalia, and Senegal, as well as in EUNAVFOR Atalanta operation, which aims to prevent piracy in the Indian Ocean.
The following map shows the participation of Spanish military units and observers in operations abroad:
INTERACTIVE MAP: Click on each mission to learn more.
Summary of deployments where Spain is involved
|Baltic Countries||Baltic Air Policing||May-2018|
|Romania||enhanced Air Policing||Feb-2021|
|Central African Republic||EUTM RCA||Jul-2016|
|Indian Ocean||EUNAVFOR Atalanta||Sep-2008|
|Turkey||Support to Turkey||Sep-2014|
|Bosnia i Herzegovina||EUFOR Althea BiH||Dec-2004|
|Mediterranean Sea||Standing NATO Maritime Groups and Counter-Mine||Jan-2017|
|Latvia||Enhanced Forward Presence (eFP)||Jun-2017|
|Afghanistan||Resolute Support (Afghanistan)||Jan-2015|
|Several operation areas||Sea Guardian
(check activation periods)
|Varias zonas||SEGURIDAD COOPERATIVA ACTIVIDADES DIPLOMATICAS
(consultar periodos de activación)
Spain takes the lead within NATO's Baltic Air Policing mission2021/04/30
Šiauliai (Lithuania)More information
Tajo minehunter's deployment within NATO's Standing Standing Maritime Mine Action Group No. 2 (SNMCMG-2) comes to an end2021/04/27
Mahón (Spain)More information
Frigate 'Méndez Núñez' completes exercise PHIBEX-21 along with the Italian Navy2021/04/23
Central Mediterranean SeaMore information
Spanish warship 'Furor' hosts the Gabonese Minister of Defence during its Defence Diplomacy mission in Africa2021/04/21
Port of Libreville (Gabón)More information
Spanish Air Force replaces its P3 Aircraft to keep countering piracy within operation Atalanta2021/04/21