The Sea Guardian Mission is a maritime security operation focused on using maritime situational awareness to dissuade and fight against terrorism and other threats.
This Operation aims to develop a strong maritime situational awareness by combining sensor and non-sensor based networks, with a reliable exchange of information and connectivity between the partners and organisms related to the maritime environment.
The Operation Sea Guardian has three tasks, which are already laid out in the NATO Maritime Security Operations Concept:
Additionally, and under approval by the North Atlantic Council, the 4 maritime security permanent tasks left can also be executed:
The mission´s area of operations is the same as that of Operation Active Endeavour. It is restricted to the international waters in the Mediterranean Sea and to waters near the Strait of Gibraltar.
By means of approval from the Council of Ministers, Spain contributes to Operation Sea Guardian with the following units:
In addition, support is also offered to naval units crossing the Sea Guardian operations area.
In July 2015, the North Atlantic Council (NAC) decided to modify the Operation Active Endeavour (OAE) to Operation “No Article V” based on networks, instead of platforms (units) as OAE did.
After finishing Operation Active Endeavour, on 9th November 2016, Operation Sea Guardian (OSG) was activated.
· October 2. The submarine ‘Mistral’ has been integrated into the operation for 26 days in the fight against terrorism.
· June 10. The frigate “Reina Sofía” leads the Force Commander of the Operation Sea Guardian. It plans to remain integrated into this Operation till 30th June.
· February 7. Spanish submarine “Tramontana” is incorporated into the Operation “Sea Guardian”. This is the first deployment of this kind of unit planned for this year.
· October 8. The submarine “Tramontana” is incorporated into the operation till April 2019.
· April 23. The submarine “Mistral” ceases its participation in the operation.
· March 12. The frigate “Navarra” ceases its command on the operation.
· February 22. The submarine “Mistral” is incorporated into the Operation Sea Guardian.
· February 14. Spain leads the Operation Sea Guardian against terrorism in the Mediterranean Sea. Frigate Captain Francisco Javier Vázquez Sanz, Commander of the frigate “Navarra” (F-85) takes command of the group, which also includes the Italian frigate “Eolo” and the Belgian frigate “Louise-Marie”,
· November 29. The frigate “Numancia” ceases its participation in the operation.
· October 23. The submarine “Tramontana” ceases its participation in OSG (Operation Sea Guardian).
· August 23. The submarine “Tramontana” is integrated into the operation.
· May-June. The patrol boat “Serviola” and the submarine “Galerna” are integrated into the OSG.
· November 9. The Operation Sea Guardian is activated.
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