The unit deployment was authorized by agreement of the Council of Ministers on December 26th, 2014, which extended the participation of units and military observers to operations outside national borders. Thanks to this decision, Spain showed its support and involvement in Turkish security.
The mission is purely defensive and, according to NATO, it demonstrates the existing solidarity between allies and serves as an example to show that the collective defence is considered a “cornerstone” within the organization.
On December 11th, 2015, the Council of Ministers authorised an extension up to the 31st December 2016, with a maximum of 150 troops.
The first contingent was transferred to Türkiye on December 29th, 2014, taking over from the Dutch unit at Adana airport a month later.
In January 2016, the Spanish Patriot Unit was transferred from Adana airport to Incirlik Air Base.
At present, the Patriot Unit is made up of about 150 military personnel, based on the Anti-Aircraft Artillery Command Units as well as personnel from the Canary Islands Command. The Spanish contingent is deployed at Incirlik Air Base.
The situation along NATO’s south-eastern border and the repeated violations of Turkey’s territory raise grave concern. As the North Atlantic Council made clear on June 26 and October 3, we stand with Turkey in the spirit of strong solidarity. We, the NATO foreign ministers, declare our determination to deter threats to and defend Turkey.
In response to Türkiye’s request, NATO has decided to augment Türkiye’s air defence capabilities in order to defend the population and territory of Turkey and contribute to the de-escalation of the crisis along the Alliance’s border. We have agreed to do so within the framework of the NATO integrated air defence system in order to preserve, protect and enhance the ability to defend the population and territory of Türkiye in accordance with the NATO standing defence plan.
We welcome the intention of Germany, the Netherlands and the United States to provide Patriot missile batteries, subject to their respective national procedures. These systems will be under the operational command of the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR). Any deployment will be defensive only. It will in no way support a no-fly zone or any offensive operation.
NATO’s ultimate task is the protection and defence of our members. Today, we underline once again our steadfast commitment to the security of this Alliance, and our full solidarity and resolve to protect our populations and territories.
We express our appreciation to the Turkish people and authorities for assisting Syrian citizens who found refuge in Turkey. We call for an end to violence in Syria, which represents a serious threat to stability and security in the region. We fully support the efforts of the international community to find a peaceful solution.
The mission Support to Türkiye (originally named Active Fence) was launched in December 2012, when NATO, at the request of the Government of Türkiye, deployed six Patriot anti-missile batteries from Holland, Germany and the United States. Its aim was to increase the Turkish defensive capabilities in light of the threats from the Syrian conflict, both from the regime of Bashar el Asad – who used Scud missiles against the rebel forces- and from the Daesh jihadi group, which managed to gain control of one of the Syrian army´s ballistic arsenals.
In August 2014, Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) asked Spain to relieve some of the units deployed in 2015 in order to maintain the Alliance´s efforts in this mission. Spain decided to meet the request and in January 2015, deployed a Patriot battery belonging to the 74th Anti-air Artillery Regiment, whose mission is the anti-missile defence of the city of Adana against possible attacks from Syria.
This mission, which began on 26th January 2015, represents the first time that Spain has deployed a ballistic missile defence system abroad.
Handover ceremony between contingents of operation "Support for Turkiye" at Incirlik AFB2023/06/20
Adana, TurkiyeMore information
The contingent of Operation 'Support for Turkiye' celebrates the Second of May at Incirlik Airbase2023/05/02
Adana, TurkiyeMore information
The Patriot contingent continues its mission and contributes to the international earthquake mitigation response2023/02/09
A new contingent takes over in Operation `Support to Türkiye´2022/12/21
Adana, TurkeyMore information
A new contingent takes over in NATO’s Operation 'Support to Türkiye'2022/06/22