The Maritime Security and Surveillance Command (in Spanish MVSM) is the body of the Armed Forces operational structure, directly subordinated to the Chief of Defence Staff, responsible for planning, conducting and monitoring surveillance and security operations in maritime areas of sovereignty, responsibility and national interest.
In order to fulfil its mission, the MVSM collaborates with Law Enforcement Agencies and with other ministerial departments with competence within the maritime field.
The MVSM is located in the former palace of the Captaincy General of Cartagena. The Maritime Surveillance and Operations Centre (in Spanish COVAM) is located in its facilities, from which the global maritime situation is monitored, surveillance and security operations are conducted, and actions are coordinated with the rest of the national bodies.
Vice admiral Juan L. Sobrino Pérez-Crespo
Vice admiral Juan L. Sobrino Pérez-Crespo was born in Pontevedra on February 4, 1960. He entered the Naval Military School in August 1979 and completed his studies obtaining the post of Second Lieutenant in July 1984. He was promoted to Vice Admiral on February 15, 2019.
He is specialised in Electronics and Tactical Action Officer (TAO), he graduated in Naval War (General Staff) at the Naval War School (Madrid) in 1998.
He has been assigned to the destroyer the "Gravina" destroyer, the patrol boat "Villaamil", the corvette "Vencedora" and as Chief of the 31st Squadron of Escorts. He commanded the Minehunter "Ebro", the Oceanographic Research Ship (BIO) "Las Palmas", with which he participated in the Antarctic Campaign 2.000-2.001, and the "Navarra" Frigate.
Among his land-based assignments, he has been a professor at the Naval Military School (1994-1997), he has been assigned to the Military Representation of Spain before the Military Committees of NATO and the EU (Brussels) (2001-2004). He has been also appointed Technical Advisor to the Cabinet of the Minister of Defence (2004-2007). At the General Staff of the Navy in the Divisions of Plans and Operations, he held the position of Chief of the Operations Section of the Navy Staff (2010-2011) at the Navy Staff, -División of Plans and Operations.
After being promoted to Captain in July 2011, he was appointed Secretary General of the General Staff of the Navy. On July 9, 2012, he took command of the Military Naval School, which he held until July 24, 2015. During this period, the new model of the Military Career Plan derived from the Military Career Law of 2007 was finally implemented, and in July 2015, for the first time, the new Officers with a Degree in Mechanical Engineering were promoted to Officers.
In October 2015, he was promoted to Rear Admiral and appointed Commander of the Naval Command of the Canary Islands. Since January 23, 2019, he also serves as Maritime Action Admiral on an interim basis. On February 15, 2019 he was promoted to Vice Admiral and remains in the same position until March 8, 2019, when he was promoted to Maritime Action Admiral.
He has been awarded with the Grand Cross, Plaque, Command and Cross of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, the Grand Cross of Naval Merit, five Crosses of Naval Merit, the Cross of Military Merit, the Cross of Aeronautical Merit, the Cross of Civil Guard Merit, and the Cross of Police Merit.
He is married to María Franco Suanzes, he has three children: María, Juan and Blanca, and six grandchildren.
The Maritime Security and Surveillance Command was created by Ministerial Order 86/2012, of December 4, as follows:
The Maritime Security and Surveillance Command is the body of the Armed Forces operational structure, directly subordinated to the Chief of Defence Staff, responsible for planning, conducting and monitoring surveillance and security operations in maritime areas of sovereignty, responsibility and national interest.
The Order determines that:
The commanders, units and forces assigned to it or that integrate the constituted operative organizations or those which are established for the fulfilment of the tasks entrusted to it, will operatively depend on the Maritime Security and Sureveillance Commnd.
Subsequently, Order DEF/166/2015, of 21 January, which develops the basic organization of the Armed Forces, establishes in Article 5 that, in the development of the organization of the Defence Staff, the Maritime Security and Surveillance Command will be integrated as a permanent operational organization.
It Will be reflected again in Order DEF/1887/2015, which develops the basic organization of the Defence Staff.