The Maritime Security and Surveillance Command (in Spanish MVSM) is the body of the Armed Forces operational structure, directly subordinated to the Chief of Defence Staff, responsible for planning, conducting and monitoring surveillance and security operations in maritime areas of sovereignty, responsibility and national interest.
In order to fulfil its mission, the MVSM collaborates with the State Security Forces and with the other ministerial departments with competence within the maritime field.
The MVSM is located in the former palace of the Captaincy General of Cartagena. The Maritime Action Operations and Surveillance Centre (in Spanish COVAM) is located in its facilities, from which the global maritime situation is monitored, surveillance and security operations are conducted, and actions are coordinated with the rest of the national bodies.
Vice admiral Juan L. Sobrino Pérez-Crespo
He was born in Pontevedra on February 4, 1960. He entered the Naval Military School in August 1979 and completed his studies obtaining the post of Second Lieutenant in July 1984. He was promoted to Vice Admiral on February 15, 2019.
He is specialised in Electronics and Tactical Action Officer (TAO), he graduated in Naval War (General Staff) at the Naval War School (Madrid) in 1998.
He has been assigned afloat in the "Gravina" destroyer, the patrol boat "Villaamil", the corvette "Vencedora" and as Chief of Orders of the 31st Squadron of Escorts. He has commanded the "Ebro" minesweeper, the Oceanographic Research Ship (BIO) "Las Palmas", with which he participated in the Antarctic Campaign 2.000-2.001, and the "Navarra" Frigate.
Among his land-based destinations, he has been a professor at the Naval Military School (1994-1997), he has been assigned to the Military Representation of Spain before the Military Committees of NATO and the EU (Brussels) (2001-2004). He has been also appointed Technical Advisor to the Cabinet of the Minister of Defence (2004-2007). At the General Staff of the Navy in the Divisions of Plans and Operations, he held the position of Chief of the Operations Section of the General Staff of the Navy (2010-2011).
After his promotion to Captain in July 2011, he was appointed Secretary General of the General Staff of the Navy. On July 9, 2012, he took command of the Military Naval School, which he held until July 24, 2015. During this period, the new model of the Career Plan derived from the Military Career Law of 2007 was finally implemented, and in July 2015, for the first time, the new Officers with a Degree in Mechanical Engineering were promoted to Officers.
In October 2015, he was promoted to Rear Admiral and appointed Commander of the Naval Command of the Canary Islands. Since January 23, 2019, he also serves as Admiral of Maritime Action as temporary worker. On February 15, 2019 he was promoted to Vice Admiral and remains in the same position until March 8, 2019, when he was promoted to Admiral of Maritime Action.
He has been awarded with the Grand Cross, Plaque, Command and Cross of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, the Grand Cross of Naval Merit, five Crosses of Naval Merit, the Cross of Military Merit, the Cross of Aeronautical Merit, the Cross of Civil Guard Merit, and the Cross of Police Merit.
He is married to María Franco Suanzes, they have three children: María, Juan and Blanca, and six grandchildren.
The Maritime Safety and Surveillance Command was created by Ministerial Order 86/2012, of December 4, which defined it as follows:
The Maritime Security and Surveillance Command is the body of the Armed Forces operational structure, directly subordinated to the Chief of Defence Staff, responsible for planning, conducting and monitoring surveillance and security operations in maritime areas of sovereignty, responsibility and national interest.
The Order itself determines that:
The commands, units and forces assigned to it or that integrate the constituted operative organizations or those which are established for the fulfilment of the tasks that are entrusted to it, will operatively depend on the Command of Surveillance and Maritime Security.
Subsequently, Order DEF/166/2015, of 21 January, which develops the basic organization of the Armed Forces, establishes in Article 5 that, in the development of the organization of the Defence Staff, the Maritime Surveillance and Security Command will be integrated as a permanent operational organization.
It will again be reflected in Order DEF/1887/2015, of 16 September, which develops the basic organization of the Defence General Staff, in the same terms as in the previous one.