To adhere at 6th Mandate tasks, which forecast training, mentoring and advisory activities, the EUTM-S trains companies level units (integrated and multi clan), carrying out courses to train future trainers (Train the Trainers Program) and conducting its advising and mentoring role in favour of Somali Ministry of Defense (MoD) and Somali National Army (SNA) personnel. These activities, led by the Mission, are accomplished in close coordination with others International Partners based in Somalia.
In the next future, the Mission activities will not change; the SNA companies trained by EUTM-S personnel will be a further “tool” at disposal of Somali Authorities, both for struggling against Al-Shabaab and to start, in concrete manner, the transitional process for gradual withdrawer of AMISOM troops and the contextual hand over of security responsibilities to Somali Defence Forces.
In its 6th Mandate, the EUTM Somalia aims to strengthen the Somali federal defense institutions, continuing to employ its three-pillar approach: training, mentoring and advising. In accordance with the Comprehensive Approach to Security (CAS) Strand 2A approach, EUTM Somalia will ensure that its activities are tailored to the best interests of the Somali defense institutions and are coordinated with other international partners.
During this mandate EUTM Somalia will focus on increasing the proficiency, effectiveness, credibility and accountability of the Somali defense sector to enable Somali authorities to take over security responsibilities progressively. Key to this will be EUTM Somalia’s drive to support development of a sustainable Somali-owned training system that provides the SNA with the policies, procedures, expertise and experience to manage their own force generation.
In this manner EUTM Somalia, on behalf of the EU and in cooperation with other EU missions, performs an important role in supporting the development of functioning and accountable Somali institutions that serve the Somali people. In particular, EUTM Somalia sees its most important task as developing the SNA General Staff through the provision of advice, mentors and training. However EUTM Somalia also supports the development of the MoD, and continues to deliver tactical training. In addition to light infantry, engineering and specialized training, this training increasingly focuses on Train the Trainer programs and mentoring that will provide the SNA with the capability to manage their own development.
The European Union Training Mission in Somalia (EUTM Somalia) was launched on 7 April 2010 since then its mandate has been extended five times, with changesreflecting circumstances on the ground. Due to the political and security situation in Somalia at the time, the Mission initially conducted training in Uganda, which also facilitated close coordination with AMISOM.
This 1st Mandate was focused on tactical training to support the Somali Transitional Federal Government in strengthening its national institutions. The Mission’s 3rd Mandate contained a significant change in focus, with the addition of strategic advisory and mentoring activities to complement the training role. Furthermore, the Mission headquarters was relocated to Mogadishu.
On 16 March 2015, the 4th Mandate extended the mission until December 2016. Whilst maintaining its training capability with a focus on leadership and specialized courses, the Mission increased its advisory activities aimed at building longterm capability within the Somali Ministry of Defense (MoD) and Somali National Army (SNA) General Staff. On 12 December 2016, the Council renewed the mandate of EUTM Somalia for the fifth time until 31 December 2018 and on 01 January 2019 it commenced its 6th Mandate in order to build on its previous successes.
The Training Team (TT), in liaison with CAS Strand 2A partners, AMISOM, UNSOM and other actors, plays an active role supporting the Somali military authorities in the design and development of a Somali owned training system.
During the 5th Mandate the TT primarily delivered collective training; in particular it successfully instructed light infantry companies, combat engineer platoons and cadres of SNA trainers. It also provided mentoring of GDTC Commander and their staff and advice to SNA headquarters training branch. As EUTM Somalia commences its 6th Mandate, it will increasingly prioritize the training of SNA instructors and will progressively shift its focus from direct tactical training delivery, to mentoring of SNA staff.
The Advisor Team (AT) is the ‘main effort’ of the Mission, and is tasked to provide strategic and operational advice to the Somali MoD and SNA General Staff. The principal outcomes of this effort are the development and drafting of keystone documents and policies, the encouragement of civilian oversight over the SNA, and the development of functioning staff branches through the provision of advice, mentoring and focused training in accordance with Somali needs.
The EU supports the Somali institutions in the process towards a peaceful Somalia. It continues to engage with the Somali Federal Government and supports its efforts towards improving the living conditions of the population, including in the field of security and the delivery of basic services.
The EU supports the principles laid down in the Djibouti Peace Agreement, including the spirit of reconciliation and the search for an inclusive process in Somalia. In addition to EUTM Somalia, there are a range of EU instruments contributing to the development of the security sector in Somalia, in cooperation with international partners.
The EU Naval Force (EU NAVFOR) – Operation ATALANTA contributes to the prevention and deterrence of piracy and the protection of vulnerable shipping.
The EU also contributes to the development of coastal police and the judiciary in Somalia, among other countries, through its regional civilian mission – EUCAP Somalia. Additionally, EU development aid (e.g. education and job creation programs) supports alternative livelihoods, thus contributing to the development of economic opportunities that will attract young Somalis away from criminal activities and extremism.
The EU is a major sponsor of AMISOM, the African Union peacekeeping mission in Somalia, both financially and also through planning and capacity building.
The EU has been funding AMISOM since its launch in March 2007 through the African Peace Facility (APF).
Spanish participation in EUTM Somalia was approved by the Council of Ministers on April 23rd, 2010, after Congress passed the government request.
Spain was the first country to command this training mission when it was launched in Uganda in May 2010. The first Spaniards to arrive in the area were 18 instructors from the Army Training and Doctrine Command. They taught specialised training modules, including section command, urban warfare, communications, explosive ordnance protection and health care.
Since January 2015, a "pool" of instructors has been available to teach all courses' content. Spain's contribution is 18 servicemen, two in Brussels and 16 in Mogadishu, including the Chief of Staff and the Head of the Training Team; both Colonels from the Spanish Army.
The Spanish contingent takes over within EUTM Somalia2020/11/19
Mogadishu, (Somalia)More information
EUTM Somalia successfully ends the 7th Platoon and Company leaders Course2020/10/13
Mogadishu, (Somalia)More information
EUTM Somalia concludes training of the 4th Company of the Somali Light Infantry2019/09/30
In MogadishuMore information
Celebración internacional del Día de las Fuerzas Armadas de España2019/06/01
En Mogadiscio, SomaliaMore information
El equipo español en EUTM Somalia adiestra a 12 nuevos instructores somalíes2019/05/10
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