Resolute Support Mission or Operation Resolute Support is a NATO-led train, advise and assist mission consisting of over 13,000 troops in Afghanistan, which began on January 1, 2015. It is a follow-on mission to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) which was completed on December 28, 2014
From the beginning, Spain was involved, together with its allies, in the pacification and reconstruction of Afghanistan. During this mission, our Army Forces have conducted 28.000 patrols, have travelled three million kilometres and have conducted more than 1.400 missions detonating and disarming unexploded devices.
Initially, Spain participated in Operation Enduring Freedom contributing medical support, transport planes, ships and helicopters. However, the major contribution of our country was within the ISAF framework (International Security Assistance Force). The first 350 soldiers were sent to Kabul, and three years later Spain assumed control of the Herat base, where a field hospital Role 2E was set up, and took charge of the provincial reconstruction team in Qala-i-Naw.
On 31st December 2014, the ISAF mission was ended and the NATO Resolute Support Mission formally started. It aims to assist, train and advise Afghan institutions. A task that involves roughly 13.000 soldiers from 42 countries.
In 2018, the Spanish forces that support Headquarters in Kabul tasks of the Defence Staff also dealt with advice, training and assistance for the Afghan national logistical bodies, the Afghan Special Operations Command and the Special Operations Battalion (Kandak), and provided protection and security to the deployed staff.
The Resolute Support Mission (RSM) replaced from 1st January 2015 the NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission in support of the Afghan Government.
This new mission is focused on training and advising Afghan forces in order to provide them with sufficient skills, which would enable them to take responsibility of their own security.
The “Resolute Support” detailed operational plan was approved by NATO at the end of June 2014.
ISAF was created by the Bonn Agreement on 22nd December 2001. The participation of Spanish troops was approved by the Council of Ministers on 27th December 2001. The contribution to Resolute Support was authorised by the Spanish Congress of Deputies on 18th December 2014.
A day after the 9/11 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington, the North Atlantic Council invoked, for the first time in history, Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty. This Article requires the response of all members against an attack committed against one of them. This was the allied support given to Operation Enduring Freedom.
Almost unanimously, the United Nations, through the Resolution 1378/2001, called for the international community to give emergency assistance to the Afghan population.
9/11 was the trigger for the intervention of international forces in Afghanistan. This was a country where there was no other government structure than tribal leaders, where there were no organised security forces, just militias, and where the Taliban maintained their power over an increasingly ignored and suppressed population.
International forces have worked hard to bring about peace and stability in the area. Their mission has been adapted throughout the years. Initially, their mission was to ensure security in the capital, Kabul, but lately, they expanded their presence along the whole territory to bring an end to the rebellion, to train the Afghan Security Forces and to support the reconstruction of the provincial infrastructures.
The contingent deployed in Afghanistan presents a mural inspired on the painting “Rocroi, el último Tercio”2019/10/14
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La Fuerza de Operaciones Especiales III participa en un concurso internacional de personal sanitario en Afganistán2019/07/26
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