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 Deployments and operations

Operation Inherent Resolve (IRAQ)

Operation Inherent Resolve (IRAQ)
Escudo Operación Inherent Resolve (IRAQ)

 

Spain's mission

Roughly 150 Spanish troops contribute to the Combined Joint Task Force with the aim of instructing and training Iraqi security forces in its fight against DAESH.

These activities are now carried out by the instructors at the Baghdad Diplomatic Support Center, where troops belonging to the iraqui counter terrorism service (CTS) are being trained by the Coallition Special Operation Unit (SOTG).

The Task Force Toro (Helicopters Unit) also make up part of the Spanish contingent. They operate from Al asad Air Base and Its main mission is to provide air transport to Coalition tropos. Spain has deployed Chinook and Cougar helicopters.

Furthermore, the Spanish Armed Forces keep providing security and fighting terrorism in Iraq together with our allies in the NATO Mission Iraq (NMI). 

The international coalition against the terrorist group Daesh emerged at the NATO Summit held in Wales in September 2014. It is protected by two UN Security Council Resolutions and relies on the direct support of the European Union.

Participation of the Spanish Armed Forces was passed by Congress  on  October  22nd. Initially, the deployment Would last six months, although the Government may extend it at the request of the coalition.

 

The international coalition was formed in response to a request for assistance from the Iraqi government to the UN Secretary General to try to stop the Daesh from advancing on its territory.

This jihadist group took advantage of the breakdown of Syria to rearm  and occupy a large area located between the two countries. In June 2014, Daesh launched an offensive in the north of Iraq and took control of various cities, such as Tikrit, Mosul and Samarra.

It is estimated that Daesh has between 10.000 and 20.000 soldiers in both Iraq and Syria, including 2.000 foreigners.

The Combined Joint Task Force against the Jihadism, composed of 74 countries and 5 international organizations, is led by the United States and was formalised following the signing of the United Nations Security Council resolution 2170/2014, inspired by NATO Wales Summit. Its objective is to halt the advance of the terrorist group Daesh in Syria and Iraq. The allied forces are supporting to Iraq against jihadist positions, being known that a rise of the DAESH in Kirkuk, Saladyn, Diyala and Al-Anbar is taking place.

The Coalition Action Plan comprises five areas of activity: military operation, preventing flow of foreign combatants, cutting off financial sources, humanitarian aid and undermining  Daesh jihadist ideology.

The training of the Iraqi army by Spanish forces is also part of the coalition strategy, to help the Government of this Asian country to recover the territory occupied by the terrorists.

 

2020

  • August 1st.Task Force Toro has started to opérate from Al Asad Air Base (AAAB), The new home base of the Spanish helicopter unit. 
  • July 24th. The Spanish Armed Forces end up their training mission in Besmayah, continuing with the rest of the missions in Iraq.
  • March 20th. Temporary readjustment of the Spanish contingent deployed in the operation in support of Iraq This decision was taken in agreement with the rest of the countries due to the interruption of the training of Iraqi troops.

2019

  • November 21st. The XI rotation starts their routines in the area. Brigade “Extremadura” XI takes command of Task Force Besmayah.  
  • June 3. The Iraq Spanish Unit Helicopter (ISPUHEL) deployed in Iraq has conducted the transfer of authority among the members of the 9th and 10th contingents at Camp Taji. This third helicopter´s rotation is under the command of Commander Jorge Ginés Acero and is mainly composed of personnel from the Transport Helicopter Battalions BHELTRA V and BHELMA VI, based at Los Rodeos, Tenerife.
  • May 22. 10th Spanish contingent “16th Brigade Canarias” takes command of the “Task Force” Bismayah. 10th Brigade “Guzmán el Bueno” is replaced by it.

2018

  • December 4. Handover/takeover (HOTO) of the unit belonging to the Spanish Army Airmobile Force (FAMET in Spanish) deployed at Camp Taji (Iraq) is performed. The unit is mainly composed of personnel from the 5th Transport Helicopter Battalion (BHELTRA V, based in Madrid) and from the 6th Transport Helicopter Battalion (BHELMA IV, based in Sevilla).
  • November 23. The 9th Spanish contingent 10th Brigade “Guzmán el Bueno” takes command of the Task Force Bismayah (Iraq), replacing as well the 6th Brigade “Almogávares”.
  • May. Personnel from the eighth contingent constituted on the base of the 6th Parachute Brigade “Almogávares”, starts its mission.
  • Task Force Toro is deployed in Iraq for the first time.

2017

  • December 28. The mission is extended till December 31, 2018. The forces will be slightly reinforced, including around thirty troops more, up to a total of 480.
  • March 1. The new soldiers arrive to Bismayah after approval by the Congress of Deputies.

2016

  • December 20. The Congress of Deputies authorises broadening of Spanish participation in the International Coalition against Daesh by up to 125 soldiers, rising from 300 to 450, including the presence of 25 civil guards.

2015

  • March 14. Under Spanish leadership, training of the 92nd Brigade, from the 16th Division of the Iraqi Army, starts.
  • February 22. Once the deployment is completed, the Spanish flag is raised in the training centre of Bismayah.
  • January 22. The first 30 troops from the Special Operations Command arrive to Baghdad.

 2014

  • October 22. The Congress of Deputies authorises Spanish participation in the misión.
  • September 5. During the Wales Summit, an international coalition to fight against Daesh in Syria and Iraq is created.
  • June. Daesh launches an offensive in northern Iraq.
  • April 30. A ceremony where the name of the base “Gran Capitán” is made official is held at Bismayah.

 

TOTAL NUMBER OF IRAQI TROOPS TRAINED SINCE THE BEGINNING OF THE OPERATION 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Personnel trained in Building Partner Capability (BPC) of Besmayah: 26.366 Iraqis
  • Personnel trained by Special Operations Forces: 17.900 Iraqis
  • (Including non-exclusive training by Spanish forces as we participatein joint courses)
  • Total number (updated on 20SEPT18): 44.266 persons

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • The ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance) unit was deployed at the Area of Operation, in Al Asad Base, on October 2017, reaching Full Operational Capability (FOC) on 15th December. Since that moment, it began to operate in support to Spanish, Coalition and Iraqi forces.

    Currently, its Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) exceeds 600 flight hours.


    Operation Inherent Resolve (IRAQ)

    • Task Force Toro resumes operations from Al Asad Air Base

      Task Force Toro resumes operations from Al Asad Air Base

      Task Force Toro resumes operations from Al Asad Air Base

      2020/08/03

      Al Asad Air Base, Iraq

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    • Spanish Armed Forces end up with their training mission in Besmayah, keeping all other tasks active in Iraq

      Spanish Armed Forces end up with their training mission in Besmayah, keeping all other tasks active in Iraq

      Spanish Armed Forces end up with their training mission in Besmayah, keeping all other tasks active in Iraq

      2020/07/25

      Iraq

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    • Temporary adjustment of the Spanish contingent deployed in Operation ‘Inherent Resolve’

      Temporary adjustment of the Spanish contingent deployed in Operation ‘Inherent Resolve’

      Temporary adjustment of the Spanish contingent deployed in Operation ‘Inherent Resolve’

      2020/03/29

      Irak

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    • A delegation from Ceuta General Command visits the

      A delegation from Ceuta General Command visits the "Gran Capitan" base in Besmayah

      A delegation from Ceuta General Command visits the "Gran Capitan" base in Besmayah

      2020/02/26

      Iraq

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    • El personal del contingente A/I XI rinde homenaje al soldado Aaron Vidal

      El personal del contingente A/I XI rinde homenaje al soldado Aaron Vidal

      El personal del contingente A/I XI rinde homenaje al soldado Aaron Vidal

      2019/12/27

      En Bagdad, Irak

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