Roughly 150 Spanish troops contribute to the Combined Joint Task Force with the aim of instructing and training Iraqi security forces in its fight against DAESH.
These activities are now carried out by the instructors at the Baghdad Diplomatic Support Center, where troops belonging to the iraqui counter terrorism service (CTS) are being trained by the Coallition Special Operation Unit (SOTG).
The Task Force Toro (Helicopters Unit) also make up part of the Spanish contingent. They operate from Al asad Air Base and Its main mission is to provide air transport to Coalition tropos. Spain has deployed Chinook and Cougar helicopters.
Furthermore, the Spanish Armed Forces keep providing security and fighting terrorism in Iraq together with our allies in the NATO Mission Iraq (NMI).
The international coalition against the terrorist group Daesh emerged at the NATO Summit held in Wales in September 2014. It is protected by two UN Security Council Resolutions and relies on the direct support of the European Union.
Participation of the Spanish Armed Forces was passed by Congress on October 22nd. Initially, the deployment Would last six months, although the Government may extend it at the request of the coalition.
The international coalition was formed in response to a request for assistance from the Iraqi government to the UN Secretary General to try to stop the Daesh from advancing on its territory.
This jihadist group took advantage of the breakdown of Syria to rearm and occupy a large area located between the two countries. In June 2014, Daesh launched an offensive in the north of Iraq and took control of various cities, such as Tikrit, Mosul and Samarra.
It is estimated that Daesh has between 10.000 and 20.000 soldiers in both Iraq and Syria, including 2.000 foreigners.
The Combined Joint Task Force against the Jihadism, composed of 74 countries and 5 international organizations, is led by the United States and was formalised following the signing of the United Nations Security Council resolution 2170/2014, inspired by NATO Wales Summit. Its objective is to halt the advance of the terrorist group Daesh in Syria and Iraq. The allied forces are supporting to Iraq against jihadist positions, being known that a rise of the DAESH in Kirkuk, Saladyn, Diyala and Al-Anbar is taking place.
The Coalition Action Plan comprises five areas of activity: military operation, preventing flow of foreign combatants, cutting off financial sources, humanitarian aid and undermining Daesh jihadist ideology.
The training of the Iraqi army by Spanish forces is also part of the coalition strategy, to help the Government of this Asian country to recover the territory occupied by the terrorists.
TOTAL NUMBER OF IRAQI TROOPS TRAINED SINCE THE BEGINNING OF THE OPERATION
The ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance) unit was deployed at the Area of Operation, in Al Asad Base, on October 2017, reaching Full Operational Capability (FOC) on 15th December. Since that moment, it began to operate in support to Spanish, Coalition and Iraqi forces.
Currently, its Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) exceeds 600 flight hours.
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