The Central African Republic (RCA) is a country with a greater area than Spain and just over 5 million inhabitants. Because of its geographical location, it has a tropical climate, with temperatures of around 30ºC and considerable rain for half of the year.
A former French colony, it achieved independence on 13th August 1960. Since then, political instability has been a recurring question in its recent history.
The current situation has its most recent history in 2013. In March, the president, François Bozizé was overthrown by the uprising of SELEKA rebels, primarily Muslims, in the north and north-eastern areas of the country.
Michel Djotodia, one of the main leaders of SELEKA, assumed power, suspended the constitution and dissolved Parliament with the intention of holding free elections after an 18-month transition period. However, he was unable to control the SELEKA groups dedicated to terrorising the civilian population. In response, old militias, made up of Christians and animists, were activated, to defend themselves against the Seleka outrage and initiate retaliatory actions under the name of anti-Balaka militias.
The deterioration of the situation at the end of 2013 led, on one hand, to the resignation of President Djotodia and the appointment of the interim president Catherine Samba-Panza, and on the other, to deployment of various forces to maintain the peace: MISCA- the International Mission of the African Union to support the RCA, later replaced by MINUSCA; SANGARIS from France and EUFOR-RCA and EUMAM-RCA from the European Union.
Having achieved the objectives of the EUMAM-RCA operation by the middle of 2016, it was replaced by EUTM-RCA.
EUTM-RCA is a non-executive defence mission with the aim of contributing to the EU´s efforts in advising, teaching and training the Armed Forces of the Central African Republic. It aims to support the reform of the Armed Forces and strengthen their ability to contribute to the defence of their own territory and the protection of their own population.
Also linked to this mission is the ongoing deployment of the ´Mamba` attachment of the Air Force, which has operated in Libreville (Gabon) since March 2014 to ensure support for Spanish troops deployed in the Central African Republic.
To support authorities of the Central African Republic in preparation for the next reform of the security sector. This will help achieve the required abilities and quality with the aim of modernising and becoming more efficient. The EUTM-RCA operation will start on 16th July 2016.
The EUTM-RCA operation provides continuity to the EU mission EUFOR- RCA, following its completion in March 2015.
Born from the agreement of the international community to avoid a genocide of the civil African population, now, following stabilisation, it is necessary to strengthen security and teach the Armed Forces to make their own decisions.
The new operation must serve as a link with the forces deployed on the ground, both MINUSCA (United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic) and the French from the SANGARIS operation.
· November 21. Transfer of Authority of the Spanish contingent. Colonel Pedro Polo, Commander Mission, was relieved after six months of deployment by Colonel Alfonso Barea.
· March 28. A team from the 19th Spanish Legion Special Operations Battalion (BOEL in Spanish) evaluates training of the future Special Operations Company from the Central African Armed Forces (FACA in Spanish).
· January 11. Mayor General García Blázquez ends its command as head of the mission.
· July 24. Mayor General, Fernando García Blázquez, takes over the command of the EUTM CAR (Central African Republic) mission.
· January. Training of the 2nd and 3rd Territorial Infantry Battalion (BIT in Spanish) Company No. 3.
· July 16. The EUTM CAR Operation begins. Training of the 1st Territorial Infantry Battalion (BIT) Company No. 3.
· April 22. The Congress of Deputies authorises Spanish participation in the EUMAM CAR mission.
· March 15. The EUFOR CAR mission comes to an end.
· January 19. The European Union Council establishes a military advising mission for the CAR as part of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA).
· January 16. The Head of State of the Central African Republic requests the EU to deploy an advisory mission, after conclusion of the EUFOR CAR, an operation launched by the European Union in February 2014.
Handover/takeover (HOTO) of the Spanish contingent from the European Union Training Mission in the Central African Republic2019/11/21
In BanguiMore information
Spanish soldiers inaugurate a classroom at the Vocational Training Centre of Bangui2019/10/04
In Central African RepublicMore information