On 29th December 2014, the first contingent began its move to Turkey, relieving its presence one month later to the Dutch unit that was located at the Adana airport.
Since 2015, a PATRIOT battery from the Spanish Army Air Defence Command (MAAA) was deployed in the Turkish city of Adana, conducting 24/7 surveillance. This was a result of the strong Spanish commitment to the collective security of all NATO countries. The Spanish contingent is completely operational and deployed at the Incirlik air base.
The unit deployment was conducted under the Council of Ministers Agreement of 26th December 2014, which extended the participation of units and military observers to operations outside national borders. Thanks to this decision, Spain showed its support and involvement in Turkish security.
The mission is purely defensive and, according to NATO, it demonstrates the existing solidarity between allies and serves as an example to show that the collective defence is considered a “cornerstone” within the organization.
On 11th December 2015, the Council of Ministers authorised an extension up to the 31st December 2016, with a maximum of 150 troops.
The Spanish Patriot unit participation has been extended up to the 31st December 2019.
The mission Support to Turkey (originally named Active Fence) was launched in December 2012, when NATO, at the request of the Government of Turkey, deployed six Patriot anti-missile batteries from Holland, Germany and the United States. Its aim was to increase the Turkish defensive capabilities in light of the threats from the Syrian conflict, both from the regime of Bashar el Asad – who used Scud missiles against the rebel forces- and from the Daesh jihadi group, which managed to gain control of one of the Syrian army´s ballistic arsenals.
In August 2014, the Supreme Commander of the Alliance of Europe (SACEUR) requested Spain to relieve some of the deployed units in 2015 in order to maintain the Alliance´s efforts in this mission. Spain decided to adhere to this request and in January 2015, it deployed a Patriot battery belonging to the 74th Anti-air Artillery Regiment, whose mission was antimissile defence of the city of Adana against possible attacks from Syria.
This mission, which began on 26th January 2015, represents the first time that Spain deployed an antiballistic missile defence system abroad.
· July 22. Handover/takeover (HOTO) of the contingents composing Patriot missile Unit. The AT-X contingent Chief is lieutenant colonel José Ángel Úbeda Garcerán.
· January 19. VIII contingent is replaced by IX Spanish contingent.
· December 19. The Chief of the Defence Staff visits the VIII contingent in Turkey.
· July 23. VII contingent is replaced by VIII Spanish contingent.
· July 5. The Chief of the Defence Staff visits the VII contingent in Turkey.
· January 21. VII contingent takes over the command of the mission.
· December 28. Mission extended for a period of six months. It may be protracted depending on the evolution of the situation.
· December 19. The Chief of the Defence Staff visits the VI contingent in Turkey.
· July 22. Handover/takeover (HOTO) in Support to Turkey operation, VI contingent takes over the Patriot missile unit.
· July 4. The Chief of the Defence Staff visits the V Spanish contingent in Turkey.
· January 19. IV contingent is replaced by V Spanish contingent.
· November 30. The Spanish Ambassador visits the contingent in Turkey.
· July 27: The Chief of the Defence Staff visits the contingent.
· July. Unit Handover/takeover (HOTO). The IV contingent takes over the command of the mission.
· January 21. The III Spanish contingent is fully operational at Incirlik air base.
· December 11. The Ministry Council authorises the extension of the mission till the end of 2016, by authorising a maximum of 150 military contingent personnel.
· January 26. Handover/takeover (HOTO) ceremony between the Dutch and the Spanish contingents is held at the Incirlik air base.
· January 15. Personnel of the first contingent of the Spanish Missile Patriot Unit are incorporated into the mission.
· January 12. 'Martin Posadillo' and 'Camino Español' vessels, which transport material (weapon systems and vehicles) for “Patriot” battery, arrive in Turkey.
· December 29. Spanish Patriot Unit begins its department and deployment at the Airport of Adana (Turkey).
· August. The Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) requests from Spain its participation into the mission.
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Adana, TurquíaMore information
Miembros del futuro contingente Patriot realizan una visita de reconocimiento previa a su despliegue2019/04/12
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