The A/C Operation is part of the Spanish contribution in supporting the Central African Republic and was materialised in the support provided to Operation ´Sangaris´ that France was developing in the country.
The mission was set in motion in February 2014 with the deployment of a transport plane and its crew of 50 soldiers.
The contribution was divided into two phases: the first, supporting deployment of French forces from France to the Central African Republic, and the second, in which they are still currently participating, contributing to regional transport of the operation within Africa.
The Mamba detachment is usually equipped with a C-295 plane (T.21) and has its base in Libreville (Gabon). The detachment´s mission centres on the contribution to France´s intratheater transport through Operation Barkhane and to the United Nation´s MINUSCA mission, as support for the EUTM-RCA.
With flight journeys that often last for up to ten hours a day, both the C-130 ´Hercules´ (T.10) that was originally deployed and the C-295 (T.21) that replaced it, carried out missions over a large area extending from the Sahel to Bangui, often operating in unprepared areas.
Deployment of the aerial detachment was approved by the Council of Ministers on 13th December and ratified six days later by the Congress of Deputies.
The mission is defined in Resolution 2122 of the United Nations Security Council from 5th December 2013, which instigated the support deployed in the Central African Republic for protection of civilians and provision of humanitarian aid.
Violence in the Central African Republic was triggered by Djotodia´s coup d’état in March 2013. The population was forced to flee the “Seleka” and “Anti-Balaka” massacres and ethnic cleansings, accounting for more than 650,000 displaced persons. In addition, almost 300,000 people fled to foreign countries.
With authorisation from the United Nations, France deployed 2000 troops in Operation Sangaris to strengthen the 6000 already sent by the African Union (International Support Mission to the Central African Republic or MISCA).
· April 17. 21st contingent, under command of the Lieutenant Colonel Javier Martínez Rodríguez, has taken over the Mamba Detachment.
· January 18. Twentieth Handover/takeover (HOTO) at Mamba Detachment takes place. Previous Lieutenant Colonel Ignacio Moll Santa Isabel is replaced after three months deployed at Libreville (Gabon), by the current head, Lieutenant Colonel José Javier Calderón Jareño.
· July 20. Handover/takeover (HOTO) at Mamba Detachment. 18th contingent is in charge of the mission. To date, a total of 3,780 flight hours have been performed. During the 1,459 missions, 10,994 passengers and over 2,040 tons of cargo have been transported.
· April 18. Handover/takeover (HOTO) at Mamba Detachment. 16th contingent is replaced by 17th contingent in Libreville.
· March 20. C-295 (T.21) of the WING 35 from the Spanish Air Force has performed 4,000 flight hours.
· January 19. 16th contingent takes command of the mission.
· December. Participation in the mission is extended till December 2018. The current level of 50 troops is maintained.
· March 24. Mamba Detachment has been in the mission for three years now. It has transported 1,831 tons, 9,559 passengers and it has carried out 1,252 departures and 3,201 flight hours.
· October: The operation SANGARIS is concluded.
· August. Mamba Detachment reaches 1,000 flight hours in logistical support missions.
· October 7. The military transport aircraft C-130 Hercules (T.10), employed by the detachment, is replaced by a transport aircraft C-295 (T.21).
· March 17. Mamba detachment begins its deployment at the base of Libreville (Gabon) in support to French forces on the mission in RCA (Republic of Central Africa). It is completed on March 22.
El avión del Ala 35 alcanza las 5.000 horas de vuelo del Destacamento Mamba en Gabón2019/08/12
En Libreville, GabónMore information
Los vuelos tácticos del Destacamento Mamba en África2019/07/15 More information
El jefe del Estado Mayor del Mando de Operaciones visita al 21º contingente del Destacamento Mamba2019/07/08
En Libreville, GabónMore information